Ancient civilizations are the backbone of human history and have played a major factor in shaping the world we now live in. In this blog, we will be looking at the top 10 oldest societies in the world.
1. Sumerian Civilization (4500 BC – 1900 BC)
The Sumerian civilization surfaced in Mesopotamia( ultramodern- day Iraq) around 4500 BC and is considered to be the oldest civilization in the world. They’re credited with contriving jotting, the wheel, and numerous other important inventions that have shaped mortal civilization.
2. Egyptian Civilization (3100 BC – 30 BC)
The ancient Egyptian civilization surfaced in the Nile Valley around 3100 BC and lasted until the subjection of Egypt by the Roman Empire in 30 BC. The Egyptians are notorious for their monumental armature, including the conglomerations and the Sphinx, as well as their advancements in mathematics, drug, and astronomy.
3. Indus Valley Civilization (2600 BC – 1900 BC)
The Indus Valley Civilization surfaced in the northwestern region of the Indian key around 2600 BC and is considered one of the oldest civic societies in the world. The civilization is known for its well- planned metropolises, sophisticated drainage systems, and advanced artificer.
4. Chinese Civilization (2100 BC – present)
The Chinese civilization is one of the world’s oldest and has been continuously evolving for over 4,000 years. The Chinese are known for their contributions in philosophy, literature, art, and science, including the invention of gunpowder, paper, and the compass.
5. Minoan Civilization (2600 BC – 1100 BC)
The Minoan civilization surfaced on the islet of Crete in the Mediterranean around 2600 BC and is known for its advanced culture and art. The civilization’s decline is believed to have been caused by a stormy eruption on the islet of Santorini.
6. Babylonian Civilization (1894 BC – 539 BC)
The sumptuous civilization surfaced in Mesopotamia around 1894 BC and is known for its advancements in mathematics, astronomy, and law. The Babylonians are credited with developing the first written law of laws, known as the law of Hammurabi.
7. Olmec Civilization (1200 BC – 400 BC)
The Olmec civilization surfaced in Mesoamerica( ultramodern- day Mexico) around 1200 BC and is considered to be one of the foremost societies in the Americas. The Olmec are known for their monumental armature, including the giant gravestone heads that they left before.
8. Phoenician Civilization (1500 BC – 300 BC)
The Phoenician civilization surfaced in the Mediterranean around 1500 BC and is known for their advancements in shipbuilding, navigation, and trade. They’re also credited with contriving the first ABC.
9. Assyrian Civilization (2500 BC – 612 BC)
The Assyrian civilization surfaced in Mesopotamia around 2500 BC and is known for its advancements in warfare, including the use of iron munitions and chariots. They’re also known for their monumental armature, including the palace of King Sennacherib in Nineveh.
10. Greek Civilization (1600 BC – 146 BC)
The Greek civilization surfaced in the Aegean Sea around 1600 BC and is known for its benefactions to gospel, literature, art, and wisdom. The Greeks are credited with contriving republic and are known for their monumental armature, including the Parthenon in Athens.
These civilizations have played a crucial role in shaping human history and have left a lasting impact on the world we live in today. Their advancements in science, technology, art, and culture have laid the foundation for modern civilization.